Smoking is often seen as a cool thing amongst teenagers. In spite of knowing that smoking causes severe ill-effects, most people jump on the bandwagon to smoke cigarettes. In the UK alone, about 106,000 people die every year due to smoking-related diseases. Cigarette smoke contains about 60 cancer-causing substances.
Nicotine is one of the most addictive substances. It alters the function and chemical structure of the brain. Nicotine affects certain brain receptors to produce mood-altering and physical effects. It also causes release of a neurotransmitter called dopamine, which gives a pleasant feeling. This leads to the brain’s addiction for the same stimulus to gain the same pleasure. Since receptors in the brain are unable to block these pleasure signals, it becomes difficult to control the nicotine craving.
Nicotine replacement therapy
This therapy helps you quit smoking without going through nicotine withdrawal symptoms. It comes in the forms of patch, gum, inhaler, and nasal spray. Small amounts of nicotine are released in the bloodstream. In this way, without smoking cigarettes you can get small dose of nicotine in your body to relieve nicotine withdrawal symptoms. Gradually, the amount of nicotine is reduced to control the addiction. Nicotine replacement therapy also causes some common side effects such as headaches, nausea, and dizziness. Nicotine patches can cause rashes and skin irritation . Also, nicotine nasal spray can cause sneezing, runny nose, and sore throat. Quit smoking pills are also regarded as an effective option to help in smoking cessation.
Champix is a nicotine-free way to quit smoking
Champix is the prescription medication designed to help smokers quit smoking. Varenicline tartrate, the active ingredient in Champix, works by attaching itself to nicotine receptors in the brain. It blocks the responses of these receptors to nicotine. As a result, there is no release of dopamine and no pleasant feeling. In this way, you do not get any enjoyable effect out of smoking and it becomes displeasing. Thus, Champix can help reduce nicotine cravings and withdrawal symptoms.
1. A teaspoon of iodine is all a person requires in a lifetime, but because iodine cannot be stored for long periods by the body, tiny amounts are needed regularly. As iodine is only found in soil, humans receive their iodine by consuming animal products and plants.
2. The solution to IDD is relatively simple and inexpensive. Food fortification has proven to be a highly successful and sustainable intervention. Iodized salt programs and iodized oil supplements are the most common tools in the fight against IDD.
3. Iodized salt is the first choice for intervention because it is universally and regularly consumed, costs very low per person annually and is manufactured with simple technology.
4. A reliable method of assessing the extent of IDD in a population is to determine the urinary iodine excretion levels in a vulnerable group. Pregnant mothers are a susceptible group for assessing iodine deficiency, as the iodine requirements during this physiological state are comparatively high.
5. High TSH levels are an indicator of low iodine levels. TSH helps the thyroid gland capture iodine from the blood, so if little iodine is available, the body increases its production of TSH to try and capture more. In a population with sufficient iodine, fewer than three per cent of newborns should have a TSH concentration over 5mIU/L, says the WHO. Dietary changes are responsible for the lack of iodine.
6. Health education is a effective way to eradicate IDD, where messages related to IDD are disseminated and the schoolteachers can be requested to visit children’s homes to check living conditions and to check if they are consuming iodized salt and if the iodine content of the salt they consume is adequate. A public awareness program before and during pregnancy would be good for iodine.
Training teachers and other workers to conduct home iodine checks is a part of UNICEF’s strategy focusing on grassroots awareness building to increase the consumption of adequately iodized salt. UNICEF also assists the Government of India and the state governments with the production and distribution of information materials.
For example, to mark Global Iodine Deficiency Disorders Day on October 21, 2001, India issued a commemorative stamp on iodized salt.
A salt-testing kit costs are very cheap and can easily be used by local communities to verify whether the salt they buy is adequately iodized. With UNICEF support, thousands of these kits are being distributed in India through the public network of anganwadi, or community health centers, and schools. UNICEF also provides support for the production and distribution of millions of leaflets and other materials promoting consumption of iodized salt.
1. Salt provides 15 to 42 percent of daily requirements.
2. Seafoods, eggs, papayas, mangoes, pineapple, onions, potatoes, oats, leaf lettuce, beans, carrots, and anything grown near the ocean. Depending on the amount consumed, fresh fruits and vegetables provide between 4 and 27 percent of daily iodine requirements.
3. Herbal sources are kelp, dulse (another seaweed), black walnut, spirulina. Kelp lowers the bowel transit time, absorbs toxins from the bowel, and regulates the intestinal flora. This is why many people notice a reduction in body odor and gas while taking the kelp, because it purifies the body, making it a favorite source of iodine supplementation.
4. Cereals contribute 32 to 49 percent of dietary iodine. Milk and other dairy products are another important source.
Best sources are raw because heat and food processing destroys iodine. Insufficient iodine in the diet can lead to the medical condition goiter and other iodine deficiency disorders.
Iodine also protects against cancer, it provides the lymph with extra fighting power to eliminate toxins from the blood. The body makes estrogens from fat, even if the ovaries are removed surgically. High estrogens are related to increased risks of breast and uterine cancer. In fact, estrogen is the ONLY known cause of uterine cancers. Iodine is also protects against both cancers. So, for women on HRT, estrogen only therapies, increased iodine in the diet is needed.
It protects against radiation, and was given to workers at Chernobyl in the cleaning up of the nuclear waste, and government workers who may potentially be at risk for radiation poisoning were rationed iodine supplements. It is known that 90% of the blood going to the brain is filtered by the thyroid and clean blood to the brain reduces nervousness, brain fatigue, and “stinking thinking”.
Manganese and magnesium assimilation is also defective when iodine is missing. The reason is the heart beats with calcium and relaxes with magnesium. When you have a deficiency of magnesium, you will find it difficult to relax, or relax your heart.
In children, the thyroid does not function normally until age 2 or 3, but for some children that function isn’t complete until ages 5-12. Iodine during the growth of children is therefore essential to help protect growing children against toxins in their systems.
Iodine is essential for regulating the thyroid gland, manufacturing the hormone thyroxin to control the metabolism of the body, affecting growth rate, digestion, and the burning up of excess fat. It regulates cholesterol levels, prevents cretinism in newborns when taken by the pregnant women, it’s essential for energy production, prevention of anemia, necessary for lymphatic system (this is where the body destroys a lot of toxins), and protects against toxins in the brain.
Essential for the health of the thyroid gland, Iodine plays a crucial role in regulating body metabolism, including how quickly it burns calories. When supplied with sufficient iodine, the thyroid produces two iodine-containing hormones called thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). These iodine-dependent hormones produced by the thyroid also control body temperature, physical growth, reproduction, and the growth of skin and hair.
Iodizing table salt is one of the best and least expensive methods of preventing IDD. The targets is the elimination of IDD through universal salt iodization.Where salt iodization has been in place for over five years, improvement in iodine status has been overwhelming. Over the last decade, the number of countries with salt iodization programmes doubled, rising from 46 to 93.