Patient counseling is an integral part of sexually transmitted disease (STD) management. As most of the common STDs are incurable, people infected with them can get extremely demoralised and depressed. So professional counseling is needed to instill the hope in them that all is not over yet. For an STD like genital herpes, which is again an incurable but treatable condition, counseling can not only give the patients hope for a better life in future, but can also educate them about the dangers of unsafe sex and how to prevent herpes transmission. With safe sex practices and Valtrex tablets, you can prevent the herpes simplex virus from infecting your partner.
How can counseling help herpes patients?
A television campaign issued in public interest revealed that herpes patients under the age of 35 years were very enthusiastic about taking professional help to understand their condition better. Despite the fact that they all had been carrying the herpes simplex virus for the previous 5 years, they welcomed counseling as a crucial diagnostic tool for effective genital herpes treatment.
Can counseling be of any help for better management of antiviral genital herpes treatment?
Yes, Antiviral herpes medications such as Valtrex and Famvir are available only on prescription. So talking to a doctor is a must to get a pack of Valtrex or Famvir tablets. Now the problem with many herpes patients is that they feel guilty about talking to a doctor for treatment. Many of them also have the fear that they might be judged as promiscuous. But contrary to many people’s belief, professional counselors are trained well enough to deal with sexually sensitive issues. Not only they can show you the right way to get herpes treated with the right medication, but can also tell you how to readjust your lifestyle to possibly avoid herpes outbreaks in future.
Although there is not a cure for HPV, but there are methods to treat visible genital warts. HPV, which is also referred to as Human Papilloma virus, is a type of infection that is caused by a series of related viruses. It is the most common STI and it is estimated that more than 20 million people are living with this disease. There are more than 40 different types of HPV and this disease can affect the genital areas, the mouth, and the throat. Sadly, when most people become infected with HPV, they do not even realize it. Most of the time, people who are infected show no symptoms.
HPV is most commonly transmitted through sexual contact with another infected person. In fact, it is estimated that 50% of sexually active people will get this infection at some point in their lives. Even though it is rare, a pregnant mother may pass down this condition to her baby during childbirth. Although there is no surefire way to prevent a person from becoming infected with HPV, there are some things that one can do to lower one’s chance of catching it. Males and females between the ages of 9 and 26 are encouraged to get the Gardisil vaccine. Males are only given one shot, while the females are given three. Wearing condoms during any form of sexual intercourse also reduces the risk of contracting HPV. Additionally, staying monogamous and limiting one’s sexual partners may reduce the risk of catching this infection, but even individuals who have had only one sexual partner can get HPV.
Fortunately, if a person becomes infected with HPV, it usually clears on its on without any treatment. However, in some individuals, it can lead to more serious problems, such as cervical cancer (in women) and genital warts (men and women). Since cervical cancer is usually not detected until it is too late, it is very important that all sexually activity women get regular pap smears. If the cancer it detected early enough, the women will have a more treatment options and a much greater chance of survival.
It is also very important that individuals who have visible genital warts go see their physician right away. The doctor will give the patient various treatment options. Some of those treatment options include: crycocautery, laser treatment, pedopfilox lotion or gel, and surgical excision. Crycocautery is a procedure that uses liquid nitrogen to freeze the warts. Laser treatment is a procedure that uses a beam of light to get rid of the warts. This is a very effective, but very expensive way of getting rid of genital warts. Pedopfilox lotion or gel can be applied at home. It is usually applied a few times a day for a few weeks at a time. This type of treatment is very effective and has virtually no side effects. Surgical excision is a type of minor surgery where the doctor removes the wart while the patient is under local anesthetic.
When thinking about sexually transmitted diseases, HIV/AIDS is usually the first thing that comes to mind. However, genital warts, caused by the highly contagious human papillomavirus (HPV), are contracted by roughly half of the sexually active population at some point in their lives. Fortunately an estimated 80% of these cases resolve with a genital warts treatment. For an unlucky few, though, HPV can cause cervical cancer. HPV has been found in nearly all cervical cancers worldwide, making it the most direct link between cause and effect, including that of smoking and lung cancer! The virus has also been found in the majority of anal cancers.
Over 100 strains of HPV have been identified. Of those, the strains that trigger genital warts are 6, 11, 30, 42, 43, 44, 45, 51, 52, and 54, with 6 and 11 being the most common. HPV is transmitted via skin-to-skin contact, through oral, genital, or anal sex. The warts can be found on any of these places in small stalk-like clusters. In men, the penis or scrotum is typically the site of the warts. HPV is an insidious virus that can take decades to manifest symptoms. Even if the virus is latent with no symptomatology, it can still be spread.
Risk factors for developing the virus include smoking, increased number of partners, poor nutrition, multiple births, and oral contraceptive use greater than 5 years. Those with immunocompromised states such as AIDS need to be especially careful as their immune systems cannot fight off any challenges. The probability of developing cervical cancer and/or anal cancer dramatically increases if the immune system is weakened.
The number one way to prevent genital warts and HPV is sexual abstinence. Barring that, limiting the number of partners and/or being faithful decreases the likelihood of becoming infected. Smokers need to quit tobacco in all forms as smokers risk for cervical cancer is significantly heightened. They are also four times more likely to get anal cancer related to HPV. Latex condoms offer some protection, but only for the areas that are covered; exposed areas are still at risk. Early vaccination with Gardasil guards against HPV strains 6, 11, 16, and 18. Another brand, Cervarix prevents strains 16 and 18, those most associated with cervical cancer. These vaccines are available for females aged 11-26 years of age. Gardasil is being tested on males ages 9-26 years old. These immunizations are intended to be prophylactic against genital warts and HPV, not treatment for it.